Health and other social impacts
This section will be based on the following questions.
- What would be the impact of a vegan diet on population health and health care costs? This incidence of diseases such as diabetes 2, heart disease, some cancers, etc, are known to reduce when on a vegan diet. This should result in less demand for medical services.
- What would the impact be of the reduced risk of antibiotic-resistant infections, caused by the elimination of giving antibiotics to farmed animals?
- How would the changes in agriculture impact food security?
- How would a vegan agricultural system produce adequate nutrients for the Australian population, including calories, protein, fats, iron and calcium?
- What impact would a vegan agricultural system in Australia have on exports of food to other countries?
- "society may wish to recognise food products with lower environmental impact, including those with lower embodied greenhouse emissions." (LU p167) - "Across Australian society, red meat consumption per capita has reduced by about 46% since the late 1930s." (LU p168) - "There is increasing recognition that excessive consumption of meat and meat products is a contributing factor to poor human health outcomes. A reduced meat consumption would benefit individuals and populations. 13 Friel et al. (2009 14 ) modelled the population health effects of a 30% reduction in red meat production and consumption for the United Kingdom, in view of a proposed reduction in agricultural greenhouse emissions of 50%. This study found that the burden of ischaemic heart disease could be reduced by 15% in the UK. Meat production, whether pasture or feedlot-finished, produces less food per unit of resource invested than non-meat options. 15" (LU p68)